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About Stained Glass

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Stained glass, first of all, is understood to be a window glazing. Tracks of stained glass had been traced to the ages of antic world where stained glass slowly began to replace stretched hides, parchment, wooden boards, mica tablets, and later also the small window tablets attached into massive wooden structures. These, as can easily be imagined, protected the dark rooms from outer climatic effects; however, let very small light, if any, inside the rooms. We must bear in mind that the virtue of having wide and large windows is not older than the last two centuries. It might not be revealed at all who was the first to have the idea of using the easy-to-melt and shape lead to attach those small pieces of window tablets together. We only can assume that it took centuries to get from a massive lead embracing fragments of glass or translucent minerals to the well know H-profile recognized nowadays. Thanks to this idea, it became sufficient for the glazier to manufacture adequate amount of glass sheets having required shape and to attach these one by one into the H-profile. Then, to obtain a stained glass that would have great seal features and transmit enough light, he only had to tin the connecting places together.
In the course of time, as the manufacturing techniques became more and more advanced and their prices were getting low, stained glass had slowly become a common architecture feature. It was more than natural that the stained glass at this time got into the center of attention of different cultural and esthetic aspects. These caused the architecture with all its details to keep evolving and stained glass as such ceased to be a mere window glazing and became a significant art-craft component.  

Hand in hand with evolution, demands for artwork solutions had been increasing and thus the basic manufacturing techniques have become less sufficient. This was the time when the window art painting was heading to its leadership in the industry. Using this technique, it was possible to obtain colorful window paintings and designs. To reach the desired effect, special colors are applied to the surface of the glass and this needs to be heated up to 580° C then. Under such conditions the color sticks to the glass firmly. It is possible to provide modifications or corrections by scratching or pointing of the painting before the heating. This technique also enables to use several layers of colors – each layer has to be applied after the previous one was heated and fired. Using this procedures, it is viable to create even highly realistic paintings and designs, some of which you can also find on our web pages.

Nowadays, use of stained glass has become a common and well-known architecture feature used both in sacral and secular buildings; and for many current architects and interior designers it has become an integral part of their work. It is of a good news that even in our regions we see an increase in use of stained glass artworks which implies that stained glass is regaining its position as a decoration. While at the same time it is also refreshing to see that stained glass is becoming more and more visible to Czech community as this was oppressed in the time of socialism.